UNICEF says gender equality “means that women and men, and girls and boys, enjoy the same rights, resources, opportunities and protections.” Gender equality is one of the sustainable development goals of the United Nations.
The IMF shows how gender inequality is correlated with income inequality and real GDP per capita growth. Macroeconomic outcomes are affected by gender inequalities, and gender inequalities are influenced by macroeconomic policies. Clements (2019) explores how gender inequality affects the UK labour market.
Clements, Lucy (2019), The gender pay gap: low STEM participation, inaccessible labour markets and behaviour, Cambridge Econometrics.