Matthew Winning is a Research Associate in the UCL Energy Institute and the UCL Institute for Sustainable Resources. He provides economic analysis and macroeconomic modelling on the subjects of green growth, ecosystem services, natural capital and low-carbon shipping. He undertook his PhD in the Fraser of Allander Institute at the University of Strathclyde. Matthew has a Law and Economics LLB and an MSc in Economics, both from the University of Edinburgh. He also previously worked for Blackrock International. Matthew’s main research focus is on the macroeconomic impacts of climate change and the institutions and instruments related to climate change policy. His PhD focussed on a policy analysis of the UK Committee on Climate Change and also the implemention of a carbon tax using Input-Output and Computable General Equilibrium models. His research interests include national climate change policies, market-based instruments, the EU emissions trading scheme, carbon accounting, international environmental agreements, and marine energy.